All countries in today’s society have laws that are established in their country that they must follow. If people do not follow these rules, they are confronted with the appropriate consequences to disobey them. Some countries are analyzed similar and others are courageous very differently. There are two main traditional laws that are civil and municipalities. These are the two most common laws around the world. Civil is the most familiar among countries, especially in Europe and Asia. The common law is more natural among North America. These two have been historically established many years ago. There are several differences between the two laws, but they overlap with certain similarities.
The term civil law derives from the Civil Latin word, the law applicable to all Roman citizens. This has been established in the sixteenth century. Europe was the first to adopt this law and almost all Europe taught all their universities. Civil law is considered codified. Each civil law country has its own codes for determining the different punishments for each category of law. Some examples of these codes are procedural, substantial and criminal. The law of procedure determines which actions constitute a criminal act, the law of substantive law required for criminal or civil prosecution and the criminal law decides on appropriate sanctions. This is the work of the judge to gather the facts of the case and distinguish the right codes that apply to the case.
The main countries of civil legislation are today in China, Japan, Germany, France and Spain. Each of these countries has a written constitution. A major difference between civil law and common law is that it is necessary for the country to always have a written constitution. On the other hand, the common law does not always enter. A problem that can be discussed is that civil law is not as effective as it is divided into different codes and not just a whole. But the civil law with several codes to involve these problems contributes to a final decision.
The common law is similar but also very different from civil law. This law is uncorrected, which means that there is no compilation of rules and legal status. These laws are also called jurisprudents or precedents. An essential difference between the two laws is that common laws have been developed on the basis of the results in the affairs of older courts. For example, when there is a case that the parties disagree on the previous decisions of the relevant courts and follow the reasoning used by these courts. It is considered more complicated than many other simplified systems because there are several different courts within the system, but all do not have the same power of competence. Some courts with more powers than others can cause problems within these rules, because everyone has no voice equality.
The common law was established in the Middle Ages of the King’s Court. There are today today, but its origin is England. There are mainly in North America but also spreads in some other countries. It was adopted by the States following the American Revolution. There were many guidelines around the world during this period, but the common law took dominance within the seventeenth century.